[Oa-italia] Fwd: [sparc-oaforum] Elsevier Study Commissioned by UK BIS

Antonella De Robbio antonella.derobbio a unipd.it
Dom 8 Dic 2013 13:25:01 CET


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Stevan Harnad <amsciforum a gmail.com>
Date: 2013/12/6
Subject: [sparc-oaforum] Elsevier Study Commissioned by UK BIS
To: "Global Open Access List (Successor of AmSci)" <goal a eprints.org>
Cc: jisc-repositories <JISC-REPOSITORIES a jiscmail.ac.uk>, ASIS&T Special
Interest Group on Metrics <SIGMETRICS a listserv.utk.edu>


Elsevier has just conducted and published a study commissioned by UK
BIS: "International
Comparative Performance of the UK Research Base –
2013<https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/performance-of-the-uk-research-base-international-comparison-2013>
"

This study finds twice as much Green OA (11.6%) as Gold OA (5.9%) in the UK
(where bothGreen OA
repositories<http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october00/10inbrief.html#HARNAD>
 and Green OA mandates
<http://users.ecs.soton.ac.uk/harnad/Temp/UKSTC.htm> began)
and about equal levels of Green (5.0%) and Gold (5.5%) in the rest of the
world.

There are methodological weaknesses in the Elsevier study, which was based
on SCOPUS data (Gold data are direct and based on the whole data set, Green
data are partial and based on hand-sampling; timing is not taken into
account; categories of OA are often arbitrary and not mutually exclusive,
etc). But the overall pattern may have some validity.

What does it mean?

It means the effects of Green OA mandates in the
UK<http://roarmap.eprints.org/view/geoname/geoname=5F2=5FGB.html> --
where there are relatively more of them, and they have been there for a
half decade or more -- are detectable, compared to the rest of the
world<http://roarmap.eprints.org/view/geoname/>,
where mandates are relatively fewer.

But 11.6% Green is just a pale, partial indicator of how much OA Green OA
mandates generate: If instead of looking at the world (where about 1% of
institutions and funders have OA mandates) or the UK (where the percentage
is somewhat higher, but many of the mandates are still weak and ineffective
ones), one looks specifically at the OA percentages for effectively
mandated institutions <http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/358882/>, the Green
figure jumps to over 80% (about half of it immediate-OA and half embargoed
OA: deposited, and accessible during the embargo via the repository's
automated copy-request Button, with a click from the requestor and a click
from the author).

So if the planet's current level of Green OA is 11.6%, its level will jump
to at least 80% as effective Green OA mandates are adopted.

Meanwhile, Gold OA will continue to be unnecessary, over-priced,
double-paid (which journal subscriptions still need to be paid) and
potentially even double-dipped (if paid to the same hybrid
subscription/Gold publisher) out of scarce research funds contributed by UK
tax-payers ("Fool's
Gold<https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=cr&ei=b-CUUuTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=harnad+(fools+OR+fool's)+gold>
").

But once Green OA prevails worldwide, Fair
Gold<https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=cr&ei=b-CUUuTZNM-3kQeAj4CACA#q=harnad+%22fair+gold%22>
(and
all the Libre OA re-use rights that users need and authors want to provide)
will not be far behind.

We are currently gathering data to test whether the
immediate-deposit<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=en&lr=&q=harnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=UTF-8&tbm=blg&tbs=qdr:m&num=100&c2coff=1&safe=active#c2coff=1&hl=en&lr=&q=%22immediate+deposit%22+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=active&tbm=blg>
 (HEFCE<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=en&lr=&q=harnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=UTF-8&tbm=blg&tbs=qdr:m&num=100&c2coff=1&safe=active#c2coff=1&hl=en&lr=&q=hefce+immediate+blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=active&tbm=blg>
/Liege<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=en&lr=&q=harnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=UTF-8&tbm=blg&tbs=qdr:m&num=100&c2coff=1&safe=active#c2coff=1&hl=en&lr=&q=liege+model++blogurl:http%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=active&tbm=blg>)
Green OA mandate model is indeed the most effective mandate (compared, for
example, with the
Harvard<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=en&lr=&q=harnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=UTF-8&tbm=blg&tbs=qdr:m&num=100&c2coff=1&safe=active#c2coff=1&hl=en&lr=&q=Harvard+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=active&tbas=0&tbm=blg>
copyright-retention
model with opt-out, or the
NIH<https://www.google.ca/search?hl=en&lr=&q=harnad%20OR%20Harnad%20OR%20archivangelism+blogurl:http://openaccess.eprints.org/&ie=UTF-8&tbm=blg&tbs=qdr:m&num=100&c2coff=1&safe=active#c2coff=1&hl=en&lr=&q=NIH+blogurl%3Ahttp%3A%2F%2Fopenaccess.eprints.org%2F&safe=active&tbm=blg>
model
with a 12 month embargo).

*Stevan Harnad*

P.S. Needless to say, the fact that the UK's Green OA rate is twice as high
as its Gold OA rate is true *despite* the new Finch/FCUK
policy<http://openaccess.eprints.org/index.php?/archives/1074-html>
which
subsidizes and prefers Gold and tries to downgrade Green -- certainly not
because of it!

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-- 
Antonella De Robbio
Coordinatore biblioteche del Polo Giuridico
CAB Centro di Ateneo per le Biblioteche
Universita' degli Studi di Padova
Via Anghinoni, 3 - 35121 PADOVA (ITALY)
++ 39 049 8273654
++ 334 6960555
skype:adr1958

"Chi supera la crisi supera s stesso senza essere superato. Chi
attribuisce le proprie sconfitte e i propri errori alla crisi, violenta il
proprio talento e mostra maggior interesse per i problemi piuttosto che per
le soluzioni. La vera crisi  l'incompetenza." Albert Einstein, Come io
vedo il mondo, 1934
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