[Oa-italia] [IFLA-L] Predatory Publishing: Overzealous open-access advocates are creating an exploitative environment, threatening the credibility of scholarly publishing

Mauro Guerrini mauro.guerrini a unifi.it
Mer 22 Ago 2012 12:09:44 CEST

Dalla Lista IFLA.

mauro guerrini

Il 14/08/2012 05:11, Stephen B. Alayon ha scritto:
> Apologies for cross-posting. This might be of interest to you.
> http://the-scientist.com/2012/08/01/predatory-publishing/
> thank you and regards,
> stephen
> Source: http://the-scientist.com/2012/08/01/predatory-publishing/
> Predatory Publishing
>     Overzealous open-access advocates are creating an exploitative
>     environment, threatening the credibility of scholarly publishing.
> *By Jeffrey Beall | August 1, 2012*
> <http://the-scientist.com/2012/08/01/predatory-publishing/#disqus_thread>
>  ---------------------------------------------------
> Predatory publishers use deception to appear legitimate, entrapping 
> researchers into submitting their work and then charging them to 
> publish it.
> ----------------------------------------------------
> A great upheaval is occurring in scholarly publishing. Over the past 
> 10 years, researchers, academics, and academic librarians have been 
> promoting open-access publishing, and we are just now beginning to see 
> the results of their advocacy, which unfortunately are way below 
> expectations.
> One result is that the open-access movement is producing an almost 
> boomtown-like increase in the number of scholarly open-access 
> publishers, fostered by a very low barrier to entrance into the 
> learned publishing industry. To become a scholarly publisher, all you 
> need now is a computer, a website, and the ability to create unique 
> journal titles.
> Bolstering this trend is the so-called “gold open-access” model, in 
> which publishing is supported not by subscription fees but by author 
> fees. An example of a gold open-access journal is /The Scientific 
> World Journal/,//currently published by Cairo-based Hindawi Publishing 
> Corporation. This megajournal covers virtually all scientific fields 
> and imposes an article processing charge of $1,000 for each accepted 
> article. Similarly, the better-known /Public Library of Science 
> /(/PLoS/)//journals charge authors anywhere from $1,350 to $2,900 to 
> publish, with a discount if the researcher is affiliated with a 
> university that is an institutional member.
> This increase in the number of open-access journals has major 
> implications for scholarly publishing. Authors become the publishers’ 
> customers, an arrangement that creates a conflict of interest: the 
> more papers a publisher accepts, the more revenue it earns.
> Not surprisingly, acceptance rates at gold open-access journals are 
> skyrocketing, and article peer review is decreasing. Scholarly 
> communication is now flooded with hundreds of thousands of new, 
> second-rate articles each year, burdening conscientious researchers 
> who have to sort through them all, filtering out the unworthy ones.
> Exploiting the trend is an increasing number of what I define as 
> “predatory” publishers—those that unprofessionally exploit the gold 
> open-access model for their own profit. These publishers use deception 
> to appear legitimate, entrapping researchers into submitting their 
> work and then charging them to publish it. Some prey especially on 
> junior faculty and graduate students, bombarding them with spam e-mail 
> solicitations. Harvesting data from legitimate publishers’ websites, 
> they send personalized spam, enticing researchers by praising their 
> earlier works and inviting them to submit a new manuscript. Many of 
> these bogus publishers falsely claim to enforce stringent peer review, 
> but it appears they routinely publish article manuscripts upon receipt 
> of the author fee. Some have added names to their editorial boards 
> without first getting permission from the scientists they list, among 
> other unethical practices.
> These publishers’ websites look legitimate, making it difficult to 
> separate the professional from the unethical. Unfortunately, many 
> scientists have been fooled. Dozens have asked me for a measure for 
> determining legitimacy, but there is very little that can be measured 
> directly. The only real measure is the publisher’s intent, which is 
> hard or impossible to discern.
> The implications for tenure and promotion are significant. Previously, 
> traditional publishers played a validation role: if an article 
> appeared in a journal of a respected publisher, generally everyone 
> accepted it as quality work worthy of publication. Now, predatory 
> publishers assign lofty titles to their journals, making the task of 
> judging a tenure candidate’s list of publications much more 
> complicated. Sadly, a few academics are gaming the new system, 
> exploiting the scholarly vanity press to buy prestige.
> Predatory open-access publishers threaten to erase the line that 
> divides science from nonscience. By accepting pseudoscientific 
> articles that outwardly appear legitimate but whose methodologies are 
> unsound, bogus publishers gratuitously confer the imprimatur of 
> science. As this trend continues, we may lose the ability to easily 
> separate the real science from the fake.
> The problems these predatory publishers cause have been worsened by 
> several of the players in the open-access movement. Many academic 
> librarians and other open-access advocates have promoted open-access 
> scholarly publishing across the board, without limiting their 
> promotion to the few worthy open-access publishers, thus creating a 
> more fertile ground for predatory publishers. Librarians and 
> open-access advocates have also spent much time and effort 
> denouncing—and even cyberbullying—traditional scholarly publishers, a 
> practice that regrettably has further enabled the growth of 
> illegitimate open-access publishers. Some even insist on open-access 
> mandates, rules that would require researchers to publish all their 
> work in open-access venues, thereby depriving them of the freedom to 
> publish in the venue of their choosing and serving to further energize 
> the exploitative open-access publishers.
> Open-access enthusiasts are too quick to dismiss traditional scholarly 
> publishers. They have overly politicized scholarly communication, 
> applying their anticorporate beliefs and tactics to learned 
> publishing. Many have abandoned objectivity; instead of seeking the 
> best model for scholarly communication, they seek only the /au 
> courant/ one that fits their narrow beliefs.
> Many open-access advocates fail to understand or recognize the value 
> that high-quality publishing adds to scholarly content. One of these 
> values is digital preservation, or the long-term maintenance of 
> journal articles and other research output. Most of the new 
> open-access publishers have no long-term preservation strategies, 
> instead choosing to operate in the moment. Furthermore, some 
> open-access publishers now bypass the copyediting process. In addition 
> to deteriorating article quality, these practices perpetuate the 
> problem of increasing plagiarism, as these journals rarely use the 
> available tools that can detect overlap between submitted and 
> published works.
> Thus, while open-access publishing has some obvious advantages—namely 
> making scientific research freely available to all that seek it—there 
> are many other factors to be considered. (For a more complete 
> discussion of these considerations, see “Whither Science Publishing” 
> on page 32.) A publication model that has authors rather than readers 
> as its customers is still unproven and risky in the long term. 
> Scholarly communication needs more unbiased analysis and less 
> ideology. The publishing model that we bequeath to the next generation 
> of researchers needs to be the best one, and not necessarily the 
> ideologically correct one.
> */Jeffrey Beall is a metadata librarian at the University of Colorado 
> Denver’s Auraria Library. Read more about scholarly open-access 
> publishing on his blog, /Scholarly Open Access 
> <http://scholarlyoa.com/>/./*
> Illustration by Dusan Petricic
> Illustration by Dusan Petricic
> -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>       Beall’s List of Predatory Open-Access Publishers
> http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/
> <http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/>
> This is a list of questionable, scholarly open-access publishers.  I 
> recommend that scholars not do any business with these publishers, 
> including submitting articles, serving as editors or on editorial 
> boards, or advertising with them. Also, articles published in these 
> publishers’ journals should be given extra scrutiny in the process of 
> evaluation for tenure and promotion.
> --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Prof. Mauro Guerrini
UniversitÓ di Firenze
Dipartimento Scienze dell'antichitÓ, Medioevo e Rinascimento e Linguistica
Piazza Brunelleschi 4
50121 Firenze - Italia

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guerrini.mauro a gmail.com


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